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Destinations » Xinjiang

Xinjiang

Xinjiang is officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Located in the northwestern border region of China, in the Mongolian Uplands, Xinjiang, lauded variously as a land of song and dance, melons and fruits, precious stones, and carpets, is situated in the heart of the Eurasia Continent. Xinjiang was a key link on the Silk Road and a hub for east-west cultural exchanges in ancient times. The local folklore is rich and varied. The historical name of the region is East Turkestan.
 
The province is largely populated by 47 Mainland ethnic minority groups, such as the Mongols, Kazaks, Kyrgyzs and Uighurs, with the Uygur Minority Group having the largest population. The region has historically been populated by the Uighurs, a people more closely related to those in Central Asia than to the Han. Today the Han now form the majority of the population in the north while the west remains dominated by minority culture. Mandarin has become the primary language used in most major cities and Uyghur is still an official language in the region. The uyghur people are very honest, kind and open minded to outlanders. Kashgar, Khotan and Aksu are the three prefecture where the uyghurs mostly inhabittd areas.

Already Kashgar is feeling the effects of the railway line completed in 1997. This town at the center of the silkroad is seeing its winding mud brick streets becoming gradually flattened in favour of Chinese-style streets typical of any other city in China. Xinjiang was a major stop on the Ancient Silk Road and because of the trade has one of the most unique cultures in China. 

Tours
8-day Xinjiang Silk Road Highlights

8-day Xinjiang Silk Road Highlights

DunhuangTurpanUrumqiKashgar

The 8 days Xinjiang Silk Road Tour covers Shazhou Night Market, Mogao Grottoes, Echoing-Sand Mountain, Crescent Moon Spring, Astana Tombs, Flaming Mountain, Bezeklik Grottoes, Local Uygur family visit, Jiaohe Ruined city, Sugong Minaret, Karez Irrigation system, Erdaoqiao Market, International Bazaar, Xinjiang Museum, Heavenly Lake, Karakul Lake, Sunday Bazaar, Id Kah Mosque, Handicraft street...

10-day Great Silk Road Tour

10-day Great Silk Road Tour

XianDunhuangTurpanUrumqiKashgarBeijing

The 10 days Great Silk Road Tour for tourist silk road culture and nature interests to visit Xi'an Ancient City Wall, Hecang Military Depot, Jiayuguan Pass, Mogao Grottoes, Echoing-Sand Mountain, Crescent Moon Lake, Karez Channels, Flaming Mountain, Mount Nan Pasture, Sunday Bazaar, Abakh Khoja Tomb, Karakul Lake...

16-day Xinjiang Gansu Yunnan Sichuan Tibet Tour

16-day Xinjiang Gansu Yunnan Sichuan Tibet Tour

UrumqiTurpanDunhuangJiayuguan LanzhouXianKunmingDaliLijiangLhasaEmeishanLeshanChengdu

16-day Xinjiang Gansu Yunnan Sichuan Tibet Tour tour to visit Urumqi, Turpan, Dunhuang, Jiayuguan, Lanzhou, Xi'an Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Lhasa, Leshan, Chengdu in Northwest and Southwest China and more....

17-day Golden China & Silk Road Xinjiang Tour

17-day Golden China & Silk Road Xinjiang Tour

ShanghaiGuilinXianLanzhouXiaheJiayuguan DunhuangTurpanUrumqiBeijing

This golden China triangle Beijing Xian Shanghai Tour links the Silk Road travel attractions in Gansu Lanzhou Dunhuang, Xinjiang Turpan, Urumqi, Kashgar and more for adventure experience.

Attractions
Turpan Desert Ecological Plant Park

Turpan Desert Ecological Plant Park

The park is located southeast of Turpan Basin, the western sandy Cat Kale Township. Geographical coordinates: 40 ° 51'N, 89 ° 11'E, altitude -105 ~-76m.

Loulan Kingdom Ruins

Loulan Kingdom Ruins

In 1980, a 3,800-year-old female mummy (Loulan Beauty) was firstly discovered in Loulan known as the Tarim mummies. This opens an insight into the Loulan culture to the world. Loulan was an ancient kingdom based around an important oasis city along the Silk Road.

Ancient Gaochang City Ruins

Ancient Gaochang City Ruins

30 kilometers southeast of Turpan Xinjiang, the ancient Gaochang Ruins are all that is left of an ancient oasis city that was a major stopping point on the Ancient Silk Road.

Glacier No.1 of Tianshan Mountains

Glacier No.1 of Tianshan Mountains

As the Headwaters of Urumqi River, the melting Tianshan Mountains No.1 Glacier sits in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. It is the closest glacier to an urban community in the world.

Grape Valley

Grape Valley

Xinjiang grape valley, lying on the western slopes of the Flaming Mountains in Turpan Depression, one can see nothing but glowing barren red sand. Only the Grape Valley, presenting a world of unique beauty, is a striking contrast with the hot, dry and barren outside.

Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves

Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves

The Bezeklik/Kizil Thousand Buddha Caves is famous for ancient muralsWith with exsiting 60 caves, and over 40 caves have ancient murals of 1200 square meters.

The Karakol Lake

The Karakol Lake

The Karakul Lake is a paradise of bonfire night parties for boy and girl khalkhas with tourists. The party is full of songs and dances, as well as good smell of roast lamb skewers.

Mor Buddhist Pagoda

Mor Buddhist Pagoda

Mor or Mo'er Pagoda is a buddhist pagoda ruins of ancient Shule Kingdom in the western China. The Pagoda was built in 7th century during the Tang dynasty and destroyed 12th century.

Pamir Mountains

Pamir Mountains

The Great Silk Road crossed a number of Pamir Mountain ranges. Historically, the Pamir Mountains were considered a strategic trade route between Kashgar and Kokand on the Northern Silk Road.

Id Kah Mosque

Id Kah Mosque

'Id Kah' means 'a place of praying and celebrating in festivals'. The Id Kah Mosque is located on the central square in Kashgar City, Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region. As the biggest mosque in China, it is a group of old Islamic constructions with strong ethnic style and religious features.

Altay Kanas Lake

Altay Kanas Lake

The Kanas Lake is a magical and appealing place for all ages. Maybe the Kanas is an enchanting Mongolian name which means "a beautiful, abundant and mysterious lake in a gorge". The travelers called it as 'Switzerland in East or Camerists' Heaven'. .

Nanshan Mountain Grasslands

Nanshan Mountain Grasslands

Urumqi Nanshan Grasslands or Southern Pasture (Baiyang gou included) are a natural paradise, with scenery and surroundings such as natural spruce forest on snow mountain, wild animals such as snow leopard, wild goat, red deer and palm bear are running on the grasslands, beautiful birds are flying in the sky, which are similar to that at Heaven Lake.

Gaotai Ancient Homes

Gaotai Ancient Homes

In the old city district of Kashgar, Gaotai Ancient Homes is the most typical Uyghur dwelling house with a unique sight of heavy ethnic culture.

Urumqi Museum

Urumqi Museum

Situated in Xibei Lu, in Urumqi City, the Xinjiang Regional Museum is a large integrated museum and centre for the collection and study of cultural relics discovered in the region.

Abakh Khoja Mausoleum

Abakh Khoja Mausoleum

The Abakh Khoja Mausoleum, 5 km northeast of Kashgar, is a masterpiece of Uyghur architecture and the holiest Muslim site built in the early 17th century as the tomb of Muhammad Yusuf in Xinjiang China Silk Road.

Emin Minaret

Emin Minaret

The tallest minaret in China, the Emin Minaret is located 2 kilometers east of Turpan. Built during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the minaret is 44 meters tall and took 19 years to complete.

Xinjiang Uygur Regional Museum

Xinjiang Uygur Regional Museum

Locted in Urumqi Xibei Road, the Xinjiang Regional Museum is a large integrated museum and centre for the collection and study of cultural relics in Xinjiang. The museum architecture built in 1953 with featured Uighur ethnic internal decor style and has an exhibition hall covering an area of about 7,800 square meters (approx. 9,328 square yards).

Urumqi Grand Bazaar

Urumqi Grand Bazaar

Located on the Ancient Silk Road, the city of Urumqi has had a huge bazaar for thousands of years. The bazaar is very unique and combines cultures and has stalls selling an incredible selection of items from the local Uyghur Ethnic Minority Group, Russia, and China.

Jiaohe Ancient City

Jiaohe Ancient City

Located 10 kilometers west of Turpan in China’s Xinjiang Province, the Jiaohe Ruins is an archaeological site which was an important stop on the Ancient Silk Road. It is the largest, oldest, and best preserved earthen city on earth.

Kashgar Old Town

Kashgar Old Town

Located opposite the Id Kah Mosque is Kashgar Old Town District. It is the best place to see how the local Uyghur ethnic group has lived for centuries. The old town district has a history of over 2,000 years.

The Flaming Mountains

The Flaming Mountains

Located in China Xinjiang, the Flaming Mountain is a barren, eroded, red sandstone mountain. The erosion of the sandstone rock has given the mountain an appearance of being on fire.

Tianchi Heavenly Lake

Tianchi Heavenly Lake

Located 110 kilometers east of Urumqi, Tianchi Lake occupies an area of almost 5 square kilometers. The name of the lake translates as "Heavenly lake". The Snow-fed lake is crescent-shaped and got its name from Tianshan Mountain, which feeds the lake.

Dabancheng Town

Dabancheng Town

Urumqi Dabancheng Town District well known for a folk song called Dabancheng Girls and large-scale Wind Power Station views.

Red Hill Park

Red Hill Park

Red Hill Park (Hongshan Park) stands out from forest Red Mountain and is an icon of Urumqi city. Red Mountain get its name from purple grit rock.

Turpan Museum

Turpan Museum

Turpan Museum is a museum in Turpan, Xinjiang, China. It has items from the Tang dynasty excavated from the Astana Graves which are located outside the town. Items include ancient silks, clothes and preserved corpses.

Karez Underground Water System

Karez Underground Water System

The Karez underground irrigation channel in Turpan is one of China's three greatest feats of ancient engineering, along with the Great Wall and the Grand Canal. Construction began on this ancient irrigation system during the Han Dynasty and as the Silk Road developed, methods of construction found their way to Central Asia and Persia.

Kashgar Bazaar

Kashgar Bazaar

Located in the city east, Kashgar Grand Bazaar, Sunday Bazaar, Mal Bazaar or the livestock market on Sundays, daily Yengi Bazaar etc. show the glory of the largest international trade market or fair on ancient China Silk Road.

Sugong Pagoda

Sugong Pagoda

The Sugong Pagoda, known as Emin Minaret or the Turpan Pagoda among local residents is a Islamic building. A stone tablet at its entrance cites the reason for the pagoda's construction in Wei and Han characters.

Tips

China Silk Road Food & Dining

China Silk Road food & cuisines, restaurant menu, famous dishes, drink and dining guide in Xinjiang, Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi Xian tell travelers what is the best to eat and where to eat on the silk road chin trip.

Shopping on the Silk Road

The Silk Road China is commercial trade route to exchange goods such us clay & metal ethnic handicrafts, dry fruits, jade, Chinese art works in Shaanxi, Gansu and Xinjiang where shopping visitors should be done.

China Silk Road Travel Tips

Silk Road China travel tips and trip advice on facts, people, history, culture in in Shaanxi Xian, Gansu Dunhuang, Ningxia, Xinjiang Kashgar, Turpan, Urumqi and more.

Food in Turpan

Turpan dining & eating guide for tourists to the best local food, restaurants, cuisine cooking recipes, drink, menu dishes such as laghman (noodles), baked dumplings and barbecue skewers in Turpan ...

Climate & Weather in Urumqi

Urumqi city travel climate & weather guide: average precipitation & monsoon, max & min temperature, current forecasts the best time to Urumqi...

Things to Do in Turpan

Turpan travel & tour activities & top things to do such Taichi learning, chinese cooking learning, biking, hiking, rock climbing, visiting a fishing house boat and so on.

Things to Do in Kashgar

Kashgar travel & tour activities & top things to do such Taichi learning, chinese cooking learning, biking, hiking, rock climbing, visiting a fishing house boat and so on.

Things to do on The Silk Road

Top fun things such as traditional festivals & celebrations, tourist events & activities, entertainment & nightlife to do in Xian, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang on China Silk Road.

Things to Do in Urumqi

Urumqi travel & tour activities & top things to do: wonderful musical songs & dance with Uighurs, Kazakhs, Mongolians, Tajiks and Kirgizs and ethnic activities such as horse racing, Diaoyang and girl chasing....

Food in Kashgar

Kashgar dining & eating guide for tourists to the best local food, restaurants, cuisine cooking recipes, drink, menu dishes such as Roast Duck, imperial Dishes, snacks, Western, vegetarian food in Kashgar ...

Transportation in Urumqi

China Urumqi city travel transportation guide to Urumqi air flights, railway trains, road bus, metro subway, taxi, bicycle transport in to/from or get around Urumqi

Best Time to Travel Silk Road

Climate & city weather in Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Xinjiang on average, maximun and minimum temperatures and the rainfall yearly, and current conditions to tell the best time to travel China Silk Road Adventure.

Transportation on The Silk Road

Air, railway, bus transport in Xian, Lanzhou, Jiayuguan, Dunhuang, Urumqi, Turpan, Kashgar and more cities along the Silk Road China. Transportation details of routes, airports, flights, trains schedule and booking offices are offered for each city.

Transportation in Turpan

China Turpan city travel transportation guide to Turpan air flights, railway trains, road bus, metro subway, taxi, bicycle transport in to/from or get around Turpan.

Climate & Weather in Turpan

Turpan city travel climate & weather guide: average precipitation & monsoon, max & min temperature, current forecasts the best time to Turpan...

Shopping in Urumqi

Urumqi shopping guide tell travelers where to shop, what to buy, shopping tips at Urumqi Erdaoqiao markets, grand internation bazaar, department stores, shopping mall, supermarkets...

Climate & Weather in Kashgar

Kashgar city travel climate & weather guide: average precipitation & monsoon, max & min temperature, current forecasts the best time to Kashgar...

Shopping in Kashgar

Kashgar shopping guide tell travelers where to shop, what to buy, shopping tips at Kashgar markets,bazaars department stores, shopping mall, supermarkets...

Food in Urumqi

Urumqi dining & eating guide for tourists to the best local food, restaurants, cuisine cooking recipes, drink, menu dishes such as Fresh naan, spicy kababs, steaming pilaf or famous hand stretched noodles...a lot of choices and lots of variety.

Shopping in Turpan

Turpan shopping guide tell travelers where to shop, what to buy, shopping tips at Turpan markets, department stores, shopping mall, supermarkets...

Transportation in Kashgar

China Kashgar city travel transportation guide to Kashgar air flights, railway trains, road bus, metro subway, taxi, bicycle transport in to/from or get around Kashgar

Photo GalleryCulture Facts

Marco Polo Trail on Silk Road China

The provinces mentioned on Marco Polo travels & Trip in China are modern Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan and Yunnan. Marco visited many cities along the way; here Taiyuan, Xian, Chengdu, Tibet and more are on his city comments.

The Silk Road History

The Silk Road, cross Asia from China to Europe, is not really a single road, rather a sea & land network of related ancient trade routes through Xian, Dunhuang, Lanzhou, Turpan, Kashgar and Central Asian countries.

The Silk Road Trade Routes through Cities & Co

The Silk Road is an extensive sea & land network of related ancient trade routes from Xi'an to Rome through Syria, Turkey, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, China and more countries.

Ethnic Groups & Religions on the Silk Road

On the Silk Road China, 15 local ethnic groups have inhabited for a long history, together with other 30 ethnic minorities and they believe in Islam, Lamaism (Tibetan Buddhism), Buddhism, Christianity, Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, Shamanism and more religions.

History of Chinese Silk

After China maintained its virtual silk monopoly over thousand years, silk spread gradually through Chinese culture and trade to the Japanese, the Indians, the Middle East and more regions of Asia, later Mediterranean and Europe.

Facts about Silk

Sericulture covers a circle of the cultivated and raised stages of silk produce under controlled conditions: moth egg - silkworm - pupae & cocoon - moth; until the cocoons reach the filature.

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