China Guide » Weather & Climate » Climate & Weather in Harbin

Climate & Weather in Harbin

Harbin, with a total land area of 53,068 km2 (20,490 sq mi), is located in southern Heilongjiang province, on the southeastern edge of the Songnen Plain. The city center also sits on the southern bank of the middle Songhua River. Neighbouring prefecture-level cities are Yichun to the north, Jiamusi and Qitaihe to the northeast, Mudanjiang to the southeast, Daqing to the west, and Suihua to the northwest. On its southwestern boundary is Jilin province. The main terrain of the city is generally flat and low-lyling, with an average elevation of around 150 metres (490 ft). However, the territory that comprises the 10 county-level divisions in the eastern part of the municipality bears plenty of mountains and uplands.

Harbin is the most northeastern and coldest provincial city. Under the Koppen climate classification, Harbin features a monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Dwa). Due to the Siberian high and its location above 45 degrees north latitude, the city is known for its coldest weather and longest winter among major Chinese cities.

Harbin has distinctive four seasons with long and cold winter and short cool summer. Spring and autumn are transitional seasons. July and August are the rainy seasons.  January is the coldest season, the temperature rang from -13°C-24°C, while that of summer range from 18°C-23°C. Its "Ice City"  nickname is well-earned, as winters here are dry and bitterly cold, with a 24-hour average in January of only -18.4 °C (-1.1 °F), although the city sees little precipitation during the winter and is often sunny.
Spring and autumn constitute brief transition periods with variable wind directions. Summers can be hot, with a July mean temperature of 23.0 °C (73.4 °F). Summer is also when most of the year's rainfall occurs, and more than half of the annual precipitation, at 524 millimetres (20.6 in), occurs in July and August alone. The annual mean temperature is +4.25 °C (39.7 °F), and extreme temperatures have ranged from -42.6 °C (-45 °F) to 39.2 °C (103 °F).



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